STIs, A WORLDWIDE CHALLENGE
STIs are prevalent worldwide and represent a major cause of disability, social and economical disruption and can, in some cases, be fatal. Despite the existence of various therapies, the world is still facing many different challenges in eradicating these infectious diseases. Commonly reported incidences of STIs among sexually active individuals include: Chlamydia trachomatis (10-25%), Nesseiria gonorrhea (3–18%), and Treponema pallidum – the cause of syphilis – (0.1–3%) to name a few with millions of new cases reported on a daily basis worldwide. About 60% of these infections occur in individuals younger than 25 years of age with higher frequencies in women. Thus, there is an increased need for the development of new low-cost and user-friendly diagnostic kits.